Weaknesses in European e-Waste Management

TitleWeaknesses in European e-Waste Management
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMohanty, S, Vermeersch, E, Hintsa, J, Di Cortemiglia, VLuda, Liddane, M
EditorBlecker, T, Kersten, W, Ringle, CM
Title of ProceedingsOperational Excellence in Logistics and Supply Chains
Conference LocationHamburg
ISBN Number978-3-7375-4056-8
Other NumbersISSN (print) 2365-4430, ISSN (online) 2365-5070
KeywordsFP7-CWIT, Illicit Trade, Supply Chain Security, WEEE Supply Chain

Illegal exports of waste electrical and electronic equipment –WEEE – from industrial
to developing countries is a growing criminal phenomena posing serious threats to
the human health and the environment. Several loopholes in the current jurisdictional
systems along the supply chain in the European Union; deficiencies in law enforcement
capacity, knowledge and training; and other supply chain related weaknesses
prevent an effective response to such criminal activity. This paper identifies
the vulnerabilities along the supply chain, the shortcomings in the legislative framework
around WEEE, and its limited implementation and enforcement that facilitate
leakages from the legal WEEE streams. An understanding of the weaknesses will enable
the governmental bodies to develop appropriate counter-measures to improve
the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of WEEE violations. This paper
presents a comprehensive gap analysis across the EU member states, Norway
and Switzerland. It focuses on the key issues surrounding the international and national
legislative frameworks and the implementation thereof, law enforcement capacity,
knowledge and training, information management, and penalties and prosecution.
The study helps to identify the underlying problems and the key concerns
faced by national authorities - and, this information will lead to a set of recommendations
for the European Commission and the EU member states to address the
problem of illegal e-waste exports.