Assessing the Diffusion of a City Logistics System Based on Low Emission Vehicles

TitleAssessing the Diffusion of a City Logistics System Based on Low Emission Vehicles
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCagliano, ACorinna, Mangano, G, Rafele, C, Zenezini, G
EditorKersten, W, Blecker, T, Ringle, CM
Title of ProceedingsSustainability in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
Conference LocationHamburg
ISBN Number978-3-7375-6206-5
Other NumbersISSN (print) 2365-4430, ISSN (online) 2365-5070
KeywordsDiffusion Model, Low Emission Vehicles, Sustainable City Logistics, System Dynamics

City logistics (CL) has recently emerged as a comprehensive and coordinated approach
to reduce the negative impacts of last mile logistics, making urban freight
distribution more sustainable from both an economic and an environmental point
of view. Assessing the viability of CL initiatives is necessary to comprehend the relevant
aspects that can support their adoption by private stakeholders. This work focuses
on a new CL system relying on low emission vans for a large city in Northern
Italy. A System Dynamics simulation model has been developed in order to assess
the potential diffusion of the system at issue and understand the main factors that
either stimulate or hinder it. Behavioral, economic, and environmental issues that
characterize urban freight distribution are taken into account. A sensitivity analysis
has been performed to test the robustness of the model and to predict the CL system
behavior when its underlying parameters change. The outcomes show that the new
system is feasible and allow suggesting some policies to encourage its adoption.