Powerful Leadership of National Government in Port Policy

TitlePowerful Leadership of National Government in Port Policy
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTakahashi, K, Kasugai, Y, Fukuda, I
EditorBlecker, T, Kersten, W, Ringle, CM
Title of ProceedingsInnovative Methods in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
Conference LocationHamburg
ISBN Number978-3-8442-9878-9; 978-3-8442-9880-2
ISSN NumberISSN (print) 2365-4430, ISSN (online) 2365-5070
Keywordscompetitiveness, disaster, leadership, management/operation

Countries worldwide are reforming their port operation systems. For instance,
Canada established the “Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative” and is
implementing logistics policies, including railway/road modes under the
powerful leadership of the national government and through efforts of both the
public and private sectors.
In addition, the national governments of Denmark and Sweden established
Copenhagen Malmö Port, which integrally manages the formally competing
cross-border Port of Copenhagen and Port of Malmö.
By contrast, in Japanese port operation systems, the management and
operation of all ports are fully under local public authorities, and the
involvement of the national government is limited to allocation of port
development budgets. The Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 paralyzed the
functions of local public authorities, and it became apparent that port
management/operation by these local authorities was limited.
The authors analyzed the cases of port operation system reform conducted and
verified the significance of leadership provided by the national government. As
a result, a huge gap of international competitiveness and disaster response
capability between ports in Canada and Denmark/Sweden was found, where
national government policy affects the operational system significantly, and
those in Japan, where all port operation is left to local public authorities and the
government only exercises its leadership in the distribution of port development
budgets. From the aspects of international competitiveness and enhancement
of the disaster response capability, port operation requires powerful leadership
of the national government.