Design of Sustainable Transportation Networks

TitleDesign of Sustainable Transportation Networks
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGross, W, Butz, C
EditorKersten, W, Blecker, T, Ringle, CM
Title of ProceedingsNext Generation Supply Chains
Conference LocationHamburg
ISBN Number978-3-8442-9879-6; 978-3-7375-0340-2
ISSN NumberISSN (print) 2365-4430, ISSN (online) 2365-5070
Keywordsfacility location, network design, Supply Chain Management, Sustainability

The stakeholders of companies have increased their focus on sustainability of
the business activities in the course of a societal paradigm shift towards intergenerational
equity. The triple bottom line of economical, ecological, and social
sustainability has become a standard model for the overall purpose of
businesses. Therefore, companies in retail and manufacturing sectors tend to
improve their carbon footprint and reduce emissions of Greenhouse Gas
(GHG). The scope of this work is the strategic design of logistics network
according to sustainability criteria by means of mathematical optimization
methods. GHG emissions of road transportation for the delivery of goods to
manufacturing sites or the point of sale are taken into account. The paper
applies a facility location model to identify ecologically and economically
efficient network configuration for given demands, road infrastructure, and
equipment. The proposed research design provides insight into the trade-off
between cost efficient and emission efficient network design, and presents
metrics that can be applied to a facility location problem in order to pursue the
ecological sustainability target. The application in two scenarios show the
viability for real-world sized data sets.